Audiovisual said

Read and write

Unit 1

Where there is a will, there is a way. This proverb means that if you are really determined to do something, however difficult it might be you will eventually find a way to do it well Thepremier point is that you must have the will to achieve success.

Ninety percent of the failures that occur are due to the fact that there is no strong will involved Many people simply say that they want something, but they do not make any endeavorto achieve it. So instead of getting it , they use the poorest excuse to explain the situation away.

On many occasions, people tend to bypassevery minute obstacle, making the objective impossible to attain. In reality, if they have the will to succeed, they can get rid of the handicapsand achieve their goals.

Only those with a(n) committedand focused will and spirit can fight their way to final victory.
Many a famous man has the same experience.

They have attainedtheir prestige because they have had the will to transcendapparently insuperable(无法克服的) obstacles. Many artists, statesmen, writers and inventors have managed to succeed because they possess a fierce will, which has helped them to accomplish major featsTherefore, we can see that the main thing which one needs is a strong will. Weak-willed people never climb to the top. They collapse at the slightestuse of force against them. Strong-willed people, on the other hand, will stand up against all odds and will make it a point to succeed.

Unit 2

Social anxiety symptoms often begin during adolescence. It’s a developmental process that is characterized by profound psychological changes, especially in terms of how we relate to others.

One of the most frustrating aspects of the adolescent years is the tendency for self-focus and a decrease in the amount of focus we have for the feelings and needs of others.

While these changes are fairly universal, those of us who were born with a shy temperament(性格) can carry the adolescent fears, which may never recedeinto adulthood. An anxious temperament causes our brains to react forcibly when exposedto the stress of sudden awareness of our peers and gradually we become more and more vulnerable. Our brains label the fear of exposure or embarrassment as highly dangerous. This may result in a(n) viciouscircle for many years: excessive self-consciousness and inhibition when we feel we are being observed.

To cope with the problem, I would like to challengeyou to strive for increased focus on other people, in place of your excessivefocus on yourself. Yes, I know, this is easier said than done. The fear may cause you to feel that you will lose control or make a fool of yourself when you are in the spotlight(聚光灯). But if you begin to build a new response, in reactionto your fears, you will gradually build up a stronger and more positive response. Remember, don’t let self-consciousness paralyzeyou! Be courageous!

Unit 3

Audrey Hepburn was a beautiful actress and model, who became one of the most successful and well-known actresses in the film 1

She was a fashion icon and role model for women all over the world, helping to 2 a particular type of fresh, vulnerable, elfin精灵似的)beauty, Today’s3 of the slim fashion model is due to Audrey Hepburn’s influence, . Although she appeared frail(脆弱的),she was 4 strong. At the end of her acting career when she entered a(n)5 career as a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF, she was so solidly 6 to her cause that she was held in highest esteem(尊重)by even the most hardened politicians.

Audrey originally started working for UNICEF in 1954, doing radio presentations. She always said it was happy to 7 . her life to helping impoverished(穷困的)children after her own good fortune in 8 the hardship of the Nazi occupation of Holland. She began her permanent ambassadorship in 1988 and 9 on trips to many countries. She was always positive:” People in these places don’t know Audrey Hepburn, but they recognize the name UNICEF. When they see UNICEF their faces light up, because they know that something is happening. “ In 1992, her 10 . work with those in need was recognized when she was awarded the Jean Her sholt Humanitarian Award by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for her contribution to humanity.

Unit 4

“ Why would you leave behind your comfortable bed, your home, your family and friends? Why do you want to go alone?” When you are living out of a backpack for a period of time, you may often get questioned why. I seldom get time to sit down and 1 the reason I travel, but I believe that you only begin to truly live once you step outside of your 2 zone.

My first overseas trip was at 14 years old, which 3 my curiosity for the world. Since finishing high school I have 4 through various countries and been amazed by all the 5 cultures scattered around the globe. My eyes are my greatest asset as they have 6 the most beautiful scenes that replay in my mind every day:7 landscapes, friendly locals, breath-taking architecture, and food that makes your mouth water once your eyes catch a(n)8

Traveling teaches you to be independent in the most 9 way. I know how to depend on myself, go out and meet people, and not let anyone else’s expectations 10 my life.

Every day I see my dream and every day it’s ina new place. I am 22 years young. I quite agree with Anthony Bourdain, “ If you’re 22, physically fit, hungry to learn and be better, I urge you to travel. Find out how other people live and eat and cook. Learn from them, wherever you go. “

Unit 5

In a study conducted in the UK, it was found that only four out of every five 1 were happy at work. Surprisingly, contrary to popular 2 friendly, supportive colleagues and a good manager, instead of the salary or the love for the work, have been found to be the 3 causes of happiness at work. So, how do you keep your spirits up and, at the same time, 4 a sense of joy on the job?Here is one of the tips to help you on your way to finding happiness and complete job satisfaction in the workplace.

Start with a positive outlook. Happiness is a state of mind;it 5 an attitude, though not many people realize it. Staying happy at work is totally based on your 6 and on a positive outlook toward your job, not on 7 rewards or material gain.

Dwelling on(老是想着)the good8 of the work rather than rattling on and on(对喋峡不休) about what makes you unhappy is the basic key to happiness. Negativity and 9 about bad things may be easy, but it is looking at the bright side that makes for the challenging part of a job. As Francesca Reigler puts it, “ Happiness is an attitude. We either make ourselves 10 or happy and strong. The amount
of work is the same. “

Unit 6

World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939, and ended in 1945.
It involved a vast majority of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers, eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis(轴心国),It was the most1 and widespread war in human history, with 2 people serving in military units.
In a state of” total war” , the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, , erasing(消除)the3 between civilian and military resources.

Estimates for the total number of 4 of the war vary, because many deaths went 5 . Most suggest that some 60 million people died in the war. Many civilians died because of disease, starvation, and 6 The war ended with the total victory of the Allies over the Axis in 1945. World War II altered the political alignment and social structure of the world. The United Nations was established to 7 international cooperation and prevent future conflicts.

The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the 8 for the so-called Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years. Meanwhile, the influence of the European great powers started to 9 , while the decolonization(非殖民地化)of Asia and Africa began. Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved

unit 7

The American economy is built on credit. In the

last decade, however, cheap credit made it too

easy for people to buy houses based on pure

speculation that real estate value would endlessly

continue to increase. But the housing 1

set off a chain reaction in our economy.

Individuals and investors could no longer resell

their homes for a quick profit, 2


longer became affordable for many homeowners,

and thousands of mortgages defaulted(违约),

leaving investors and financial institutions to face

the terrible consequences.

Ironic, isn’t it? Yes, it is true that credit got

us into this mess, but it is also true that our

economy is 3

unstable right now, and

being that it is built on credit, it needs an inflow

of cash or it could come 4

down. This

is something no one wants to see as it would


through our economy and into the

world markets in a matter of hours, potentially

causing a worldwide recession.

Credit in and of itself is not a bad thing. Credit


growth and jobs. Poor use of credit,

however, can be 7

which is what we

are on the 8

of seeing now. So long as

the rescue plan comes with changes to lending

regulations and more 9

of the industry,

there is potential to 10

the market,

which is what everyone wants. Whether or not

it works is to be seen, but as it has already been

voted on and passed, we should all hope it does.

Unit 8

Laughter is a(n)1

_response to being

touched by a tickle(搔痒)-a natural response

from the child. This puts the tickler in 2

of how much or how long the child laughs. We

adults don’t read children’s minds, but we often

have a(n)3

that we can. So we usually

think we’re aware of what’s too much tickling

and when to stop. But it is possible to trap our

children without knowing it. We parents become


to tickling because it seems to be a(n)

shortcut to laughter. We wish that

our children are happy and love us, and tickling

becomes our shortcut to get assured.

Rather than forcing laughter in this way, we can


_upon them inner confidence if we

will get down on the floor and invite them to be

in playful physical 7

with us. If we

find ways to give them much of the power, our

children will laugh and laugh. Games like” I have

a hundred hugs for you!” or “ Where’s Jared?

I know he’s around here somewhere. “ or “ Oh,

no! I can’t get this horsy rider off my back!” let

children laugh and laugh as we try to catch them,

or try to find them, or try to 8


off our backs, and fail over and over.

The physical contact that requires more creativity

than tickling allows us to 9

_around, to

press our heads against their stomachs here and

there for a second, and to manage an embrace

before they make another daring escape. We

get our affection across without trapping our

children. And we give them a chance to be

inventive as they use their 10

_to figure

out a hundred ways to outsmart us.